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San Francisco Public Library 

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Not to be taken from the library 

JUN 3 01978 Hi il in in ! 

JUN 3 1978 I! I Mil niTii 
DOC( - TMENT siW&WlJl 

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in 2012 with funding from 

California State Library Califa/LSTA Grant 

The Decade 


And The 


To Come 

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San Francisco Redevelopment Agency 

Walter F. Kaplan 

Vice Chairman 
Francis J. Solvin 

Michael J. Driscoll Stanley E. Jensen 

Joe Mosle 

From the Members of the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency 

"He's changed the City, perhaps as no 
man ever has."* 

The man is M. Justin Herman, executive director 
of the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency. 

This is only a small but representative portion of 
what the national press has had to say about him 
over the years — 

"What Herman is doing is to help change San 
Francisco's skyline, clear slums, build housing 
for the poor, and promote construction of cultural 
centers in carrying forward the City's $1-billion 
redevelopment program. Backing Herman's often 
abrasive but traditionally liberal zeal is $192-mil- 
lion in federal grants, which put San Francisco 
among the top 10 cities in volume of money flow- 
ing from Washington and head and shoulders 
above the country's 900 active redevelopment 
agencies."— Business Week, May 10, 1969. 

"(One) of the three top urban renewal men in the 
U.S."— Time Magazine, November 6, 1964. 

"Mr. Herman has won national applause for hi 
administrative ingenuity and his excellent result 
as San Francisco's redevelopment director. 
Democrat hired for the job in 1959 by a Republ 
can mayor, he successfully sidestepped patronag 
and bureaucratic traditions to overhaul the City' 
renewal staff and rejuvenate a moribund program, 
— Life Magazine, December 24, 1965. 

We, the Members of the San Francisco Redevelop 
ment Agency, agree enthusiastically with all of th 
above. Ten years ago, when Herman was appointee 
the City's renewal program had been cited, in fac 
as the second worst in the nation. Now it is 
good as any anywhere. 

The primary purpose of this report is to show whe 
redevelopment means to San Francisco. But be 
cause renewal has been so closely associated wit 
one man and his continuing influence, we, th 
Members of the San Francisco Redevelopmer 
Agency, dedicate this compendium of achievemer 
and commitment to M. Justin Herman, the man wh 
continues to make it happen. 

*R. L. Revenaugh, San Francisco Examiner, March 
26, 1969. 


The Decade Past 

And The Decade To Come 

San Francisco Redevelopment Agency 

The Decade Past 

And The Decade To Come 

A generous sampling of a decade of progress in renewal and 
development is recorded in this report. That past is relatively 
easy to record. In many ways evaluation may be made with 
clarity and certainty. Pictorial evidence is within these pages. 
Readers already know or can easily ascertain the renewal's 
social, cultural and economic additives to San Francisco life. 
The inquiring visitor may view, walk through or otherwise use 
structures and enjoy open spaces created through renewal. 
Those who like statistics in depth can get them readily from 
the Redevelopment Agency. 

Much of what was planned has emerged: 

■ Private housing for low-to-moderate income families and 
for middle-to-upper income families as well. 

■ Schools. 

■ Green, open spaces for children and adults to enjoy in 

■ Job-orientation and training for dropouts. 

■ Health, home-making, and assistance with social services. 

■ An Agency employment policy oriented to the neighbor- 
hoods served. 

■ An Agency employment policy that exploits opportunities 
for having minorities not only in lower echelon jobs but in 
the high, professional assignments as well. 

■ Works of art for the public to enjoy. 

■ Structures and spaces that respect man's need for beauty. 

■ Traffic treatment and garaging to help keep the automobile 
our servant and not our master. 

■ Boosts to the City's visitor-oriented economy. 

■ Capturing our national and ethnic heritages through the 
establishment of representative cultural and trade centers. 

■ Commercial activities to generate increased employment. 

How pleasing it would be for us to say: "We planned it this 
way." Most of what may now be observed as the results of 
renewal was deliberately and consciously planned. 

But, a tough-minded objectivity tells us that we did not plaq 
all of this. We planned ahead but we responded en route t 
changing needs of the City. We fought for the retention < 
our goals, no matter what was the opposition, yet we modi 
fied them recognizing that we had not the wisdom to dete 
mine in advance that there was only one right way— ours-l 
to advance the changes in City life for its people. So ofte 
other people had ideas as good or better than our own. \A 
encountered selfishness and self-destructiveness, and trie 
to find a way— and often did— to live with and get work don 
with those who manifested their reaction to renewal in thes 

But we— the Redevelopment Agency people— did notaccorr 
plish this alone. In this last decade three mayors supporte 
us in almost every endeavor. Twenty-nine members of th 
Board of Supervisors inquired, listened, investigated an 
voted to use the Agency to get some of the City's importa^ 
work done. Thirteen citizens came out of private life to serv 
as Members of the Agency and guide its policies and oper; 
tions. Our work could have been nullified but instead we 
advanced by the regular City departments. 

The Department of Housing and Urban Development, and il 
predecessor, the Housing and Home Finance Agency, mad 
grants and loans and encouraged practical experimentatio 
in a spirit which reflected a belief that in some ways Sa 
Francisco's renewal could be a model for others to use an 

In the decade past we issued from time to time reports o 
all the civic groups and neighborhood associations wh 1 
worked with us and on whose guidance we were depended 
but now the list has become so extensive as to be unwield 
The press, almost always supportive, gave us no blank chec 
and was not above expressing its voice of counter-suggestic 
and criticism. 

It was our good fortune to attract imaginative and dedicate 
developers willing to risk time, effort and money on many! 
difficult task. 

These were the planning partners of the Agency staff. W; 
there always peace and harmony? Did we always agree? Th 
answer to such questions is already known to any alert citize 
of San Francisco! 

But how about the decade ahead? And who will dare in thei. 
troubled times to predict the full range of goals, the modij 
vivendi, and the mechanisms we will invent and will be i' 
vented for us for taking us along the course of a better c! 

We cannot foresee all that must be done and will be dor 1 
nor how it will all be done. But a great deal is projected 
these pages, and on certain broad approaches we can C 
dare ourselves: 

■ There will be no shift in the emphasis on the creation 
jobs, on the better use of land for social, cultural and ec 
nomic purposes, on the use of partnerships with people i 
volved for the accomplishment of such goals. 

■ There will be no diminution in the insistence on amenity 
in architecture, open spaces, works of art for public enjc' 
ment, and greenery. 

■ Upon adoption of the concept by the United States govei 
ment, there will be participation in the program propos 
January 16, 1967 by the Board of Supervisors upon sugg< 
tion of the Redevelopment Agency that all persons who ha 
a reasonable claim to a place in the labor market have acce s 
to paid, constructive employment, education or training. 

■ The volume of quality housing for families will be increase 

■ The provision of housing for market-starved single perso , 
regardless of age or condition of handicap, will be seriou I 

■ Housing produced will vary in price and amenities above a 
<ery acceptable level, but housing by social categories and 
5y income segmentation of its residents must be abandoned, 
i A new and simpler system for producing good housing 
apidly must emerge, for the present system— good as have 
>een its results — is completely inadequate to our needs and 
)ur capacities in this country. 

» Housing will be private in production, use and ownership. 
ikut it will be created within the framework of a conscious 
lousing policy and program of the City and County of San 

i Meaningful partnerships with neighborhood groups will 
lourish. Ideological indulgence on some mythical right of veto 
»ver representative government will subside in the awareness 
ff the great benefits of collaborative planning and execution. 
Nt last there will be a recognition that a neighborhood has 
i de facto veto by its own representations to responsible 
lovernment, except where that government weighing the 
leeds of all the people, of all neighborhoods, is obliged to 
erve them all. 

■ Neglected neighborhoods will demand the use of the re- 
iewal process in some form. The people of the Mission and 
: f Chinatown, for example, will no longer let the benefits of 
le renewal process pass them by. 

The business community looking to the economy, jobs and 
ne tax base will ask itself why the northern waterfront, unlike 
waterfronts in other port and harbor cities, is not using re- 
ewal to bring about the needed benefits plus those of rec- 
eation, open space, housing and traffic circulation. 

: Racism will be fought. Segregation will be fought. Destruc- 
veness will be fought. Poverty will be fought. Not theoretical 
>ut down-to-earth programs and projects that respect and 
ncourage the rights and individuality of people will guide 
ne course of the Redevelopment Agency. 

Operating within a broad policy of City objectives, the 
igency will continue to retain direction in renewal areas of 
s own planning, architecture, engineering, legal, relocation, 
!ousing, business development and fiscal functions. The 
apacity to deliver products and services in renewal areas 
arallels the capacity to direct and coordinate these elements. 

The Agency will continue to be product and service ori- 
nted, engaging in studies and planning only for operational 

Redevelopment will emerge on a legal foundation not only 
s the City's instrument for the removal of blight but also as 
ie device for creating better urban life. The concept of a 
evelopment agency as distinguished from a redevelopment 
gency will take hold. A truth so frequently denied despite 
ie evidence to the contrary will gain public acceptance — 
ven public insistence: That in substantial measure within 
ie community the fruits of private enterprise on the publicly 
rganized foundation of renewal is a far better way of life 
lan rampant, even if daring and imaginative, individualism. 

>nly a small part of the City's needs has been and will be met 
y the Agency. It is not an objective in itself. Even though it 
'ill be given more assignments by the Board of Supervisors, 
does not need more work for its existence or its amour 
ropre. The Agency is an instrument of the people of the City 
f San Francisco expressing themselves through their Board 
f Supervisors and their Mayor, and through the Members he 
ppoints, and through the public agencies and departments 
nd the civic and neighborhood groups and in composite — 
ie San Francisco citizen. 

et us hope that in another 10 years another report of prog- 
3ss can be produced, and that the composite San Francisco 
. itizen will be able to say — how much better are these 10 
ears than the preceding 10! 

M. Justin Herman 
Executive Director 

1 . Old produce section, before 

2. New townhouses, Whaleship Plaza. 

3. Francois Stahly Fountain and 
apartment towers. 






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Golden Gateway 


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)n the very edge of the financial district, crying for rede- 
■ lopment, was the produce market, a colorful but inefficient 
id badly blighted nest of low buildings, which the city 
inning commission had designated a slum immediately 
ter the war. 

Like all slums, it does not pay its way, yielding only about 
■quarter of a million dollars in annual taxes for more than 
Ry prime acres in the heart of the city. 

Moreover, it is particularly difficult to keep clean and well- 
pliced. Rats and vermin infest the hotels and rooming 
puses where its tiny population of six hundred, mostly old 
ten, live in squalor. 

ire engines cannot move through the streets during busi- 
css hours when the trucks of the produce merchants are 
hsy at the obsolete loading platforms. 
"he market, like the Halles in Paris, belongs to the nine- 
tenth century in mood and location, even though its build- 
lbs date from the early twentieth. 

[Clearly a wonderful renewal opportunity existed here, close 
t the waterfront, within easy walking distance of the finan- 
cal district and only a little further from the shopping and 
■tertainment districts."— Allan Temko, Harper's Magazine, 
Ml 1960. 

r'his Golden Gateway project... is an outstanding example 
t the town replanning which is California's answer to its 
iban crisis."— The London Economist, July 9, 1960. 

Jow rising along the 45-acre waterfront area of what was 

[ice the congested wholesale produce center is a magnifi- 

nt housing and commercial development that's the result 

a nationwide architectural and development competition." 

\nthony J. Yudis, The Boston Globe, November 14, 1963. 

I he plaudits of all good men are due to San Francisco for 
ling what was considered impossible, and awarding a big 
development contract, for the Golden Gate project, un- 
Eimpromisingly on the basis of excellence as established by 
e Redevelopment Agency's architectural competition." — 
chitectural Forum, November 1960. 

, * 


1 . Jacques Overhoff's bronze 
sculpture, Boston Ship Plaza. 

2. Townhouses and William Heath 
Davis House, from Jackson Street. 

1. Sydney G. Walton Square. 

2. Henry Moore's "Standing Figure 
Knife Edged" and Alcoa Building. 

3. Beniamino Bufano's "The 

Redevelopment made over the city's 
icturesque but dirty produce district 
nd produced a city within a city, re- 
ecting traditions of San Francisco — 
rched openings, color, steps down to 
Ireet recalling hilly byways, mix of 
gh and low buildings, block-sized 
ark— but making its own traditions in 
articular quality of its plaza-level 
ring . . . 

..The Golden Gateway is a shining 
:hievement— by the Redevelopment 
gency, the developers, Golden Gate- 
ay Center, the architects, Wurster. 
ernardi & Emmons and DeMars and 
eay, Anshen & Allen, associated 
'chitects . . . 

When the project is complete some 
:ars from now, Golden Gateway will 
t people live on a plateau above the 
affic-ways of the city, let them take 
e 'high road' to walk to work over 
idges which connect the blocks with 
ich other, and will restore some of the 
nenities most city dwellers have not 
town for a long time." — Elisabeth 
sndall Thompson, Architectural Rec- 
rd, September 1965. 

Charles Perry's "Icosaspirale" and 
ontime lunchers. 

Old produce market congestion. 

Relocated produce market, Islais 

"Here the old produce market had to give way, bi 
San Francisco's energetic Redevelopment Agenc 
helped to provide a new one at a location whic 
will benefit both the merchants and the city. 
"At the time of my visit, earlier this summer, I sa 
only the construction fence, around the huge e: 
cavation that will be the Golden Gateway, and 
quaint old arch, which is the only thing left on i 
site. Both are symbolic of the exceptional spirit 
which San Francisco approaches its renewal. 
"It is a spirit more sophisticated than the wore 
'civic pride' would denote and as worldly as it 
touchingly parochial. Good architecture and got 
food really matter in San Francisco . . . 
"The archway, left over from the now demolishi 
Colombo Market, will be retained as a whimsic 
memento of the past. It is surely no great archite 
tural relic, but after some study, was found to be tl 
only worthy one. Along with it, some cobbleston 
salvaged from the torn up streets, and old cast in 
columns from the market will also be used in tl 
new development . . . 

"The Renewal Agency's report gives as much spa 
to the project's artistic embellishments— an inti 
national competition for the main sculpture w 
won by the Parisian Francois Stahly— than to tl 
usual budget figures. This, too, could only happ 
in San Francisco."— Wolf Von Eckardt, The New F 
public, September 21, 1963. 

1 and 2. Robert Woodward Fountain, 

Maritime Plaza. 

3. Overlooking Ironship Plaza 


"In San Francisco's Alcoa building, the beautifully 
proportioned glass box hangs within a strong steel 
cage of vertical and diagonal steel beams... 

"With its crisscross beams bracing it against earth- 
quakes, (it) is spectacular as the centerpiece for 
the S100 million Golden Gateway Center. 

"Its pedestrian malls are linked by bridges to other 
buildings .. ." — Time Magazine, August 2. 1968. 

1 . Colombo Market archway. 

2. Alcoa Building. 

"Gateway to greatness . . . 
"By 1972 there will be a bustle of excitement at San Fran-i 
Cisco's Bayfront portal such as has not been seen here 
since Gold Rush days. 
"In more recent times, grocery trucks jammed these water- 
front streets as they loaded up with onions and cabbages 
for Bay Area tables. 

"But three years hence, these streets will look more like 
those shown here. 

"The tall structures behind the Ferry Building sit on the 8 1 / 2 
acre Embarcadero Center. 

"By 1972, you'll be seeing its wedge-shaped hotel in opera 
tion, as well as the 45-story Security Pacific Bank build 
ing... " — California Living, May 11, 1969. 

Embarcadero Center 

1. Before redevelopment. 

2. Embarcadero Center model. 

"So what do you do on a Sunday afternoon in May ot 1972 
at the loot of Market Street in Fabulous San Francisco? . . . 

"Take a walk. 

A walk along the waterfront starts at the Embarcadero 
Plaza, a four-acre $1.3 million bit of green, with big sounds, 
Dig sights. A noisy haven at the hub of traffic. It's all neu- 
ralized by Embarcadero Plaza. 

'It is the southern anchor of the new North Waterfront; a 
strange and wonderful man-made glen. 

'You walk past the little cafes that smell more like American 
lotdogs with tangy mustard than French or Russian pastries. 
3ut maybe that's all right, too. The North Waterfront is a 
ittle bit like Coney Island of old— good for the kids, the 
ourists and a Sunday on the edge of the water. 

'In tact, a walk through the Plaza is like a happening. At 
he north end of the plaza, the busiest happening of all. 
America's first great monumental fountain, they said. When 
Vrmand Vaillancourt, that wild French Canadian sculptor, 
irst unveiled his model, some San Franciscans said he was 

But then who else could visualize a man-made Niagara 
alls, or hear roaring waters, or feel the swirling mists. You 
valk through myriads ol sparkles, tremble to the cacophony 

tiat joins, yet overpowers, the frantic noise of The City." — 
ick Revenaugh, California Living, May 11, 1969. 

Security Pacific Bank Building. 

and 3. Armand Vaillancourt Grand 


1. Diamond Heights, before renewal. 

2. Downtown view from Red Rock 
Hill apartments. 

Diamond Heights 

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"A craggy goat pasture becomes an oasis of handsome 
varied housing. 

"Diamond Heights presented unique opportunities, for it was 
a choice area at the crown of the hills west of downtowr 
San Francisco. But it was rendered undevelopable privatel) 
by scattered land holdings amid a gridiron plat that left man) 
ravine lots with no access. 
"Replatted to follow contours, Diamond Heights' land was 
promoted like a real estate development and the Redevelop 
ment Agency got prices high enough (some hilltop lots wen 
for as much as $15,000) so the project will need no federa 

"Moreover, by pricing prime sites high, the city took ii 
enough money to sell sites for middle-income units at art! 
ficially low prices— a Robin Hood policy of letting the ricl 
help pay for housing the poor..."— House and Home. Feb 
ruary 1964. 

Nowhere else in the U.S. has a big city come up with such 
showcase of handsome residential projects only minutes 
iom downtown. San Francisco's breakthrough is an object 
■sson for the nation. 

These two renewal projects (Western Addition Area 1 and 
iamond Heights) set a new standard of quality in urban 
ousing design. 

(They) are two of the most exciting— and strikingly differ- 
nt — urban renewal projects in the country."— House and 

'ome, February 1964. 

In Diamond Heights, which made history in a court test of 
ie California Community Development Act since it involved 
proposal to 'redevelop' undeveloped land, several hundred 
jmilies have moved into custom-built single-family houses, 
eveloper-built single family houses, townhouses and con- 
ominium apartment units. 

A neighborhood shopping center and office building has 
een completed, and over 400 moderate-rent garden units 
•re being built."— Architectural Record, September 1965. 

Red Rock Hill apartments along 
iamond Heights Boulevard. 


1 and 2. Stefan Alexander Novak 
decorative safety wall. 

3 and 4. Glenridge. 


Glenridge is almost too good to be 
rue . . . 

'The project is, critics say, well de- 
signed. It is racially balanced, totally 
ntegrated and, indeed, moderately- 
>riced in its rentals... 

The last of Glenridge's 275 housing 
m its are now being rented, and already 
here's awaiting list... 

rThe beginnings were not so smooth . . . 
'There were complaints from neigh- 
tors who did not want 'poor people' 
lowngrading the Glenridge area and 
here were problems with construction 
lue to soil conditions and the hilly 

'The project is strung out over 14 acres 
ilong the southern slope of Diamond 
heights and built on three separate 
k'acts of land..." — Scott Blakey, San 
Francisco Chronicle, May 19. 1969. 

. Diamond Heights Elementary 

'.. Glenridge mini-park. 

"All the designs (for moderately-priced housing in Diamond 
Heights) reflect a strong respect for people as human beings 
and for their need for more than bread in their daily lives." 

— Elisabeth Kendall Thompson, San Francisco Examiner. 
August 12, 1963. 


1. American Housing Guild homes, 
Gold Mine Hill. 

2 and 3. Hayman homes, along Gold 
Mine Hill Drive. 

"The redevelopment agency spent $9.5 million buying the 
land and grading the hills, moving 2 million cubic yards ir 
the process. 

"...On the slopes are scores of new single-family homes 
some of them expensive, some modestly priced, but all ex 
hibiting the imaginative architecture that has come to be 
expected in San Francisco."— The Louisville Courier-Journam 
& Times, March 5, 1967. 


1. St. Nicholas Syrian Antiochian 
Orthodox Church. 

2. Shepherd of the Hills Lutheran 

3. St. Aidan's Episcopal Church. 

4. John F. Shelley Fire Station. 

"The Western Addition project, proposed in 1949, was a 
model enterprise, the first of its kind to take advantage of 
new federal legislation enabling cities to pay a comparatively 
small share of redevelopment costs by providing streets, 
sewers, and other facilities which would be needed in any 
case and often are already in existence."— Allan Temko, 
Harper's Magazine, April 1960. 

Western Addition A-1 

"The once-fine old houses in this area began their decline 
when the earthquake and fire caused an influx of refugees 
into the undamaged Western Addition. 

"Housing shortages in World Wars I and II repeated the 
doubling-up process to the point that, in 1948, the San Fran- 
cisco Board of Supervisors declared a portion of the area 
'blighted,' thus making it eligible for redevelopment under 
the state's Community Redevelopment Act of 1945. 
"The redevelopment area was broken into two parts, known 
as Area I and Area 2."— Elisabeth Kendall Thompson, Archi- 
tectural Record, September 1965. 

"St. Francis Square: City's first moderate-priced and multi- 
racial co-op housing project successfully creates new en- 
vironment in series of courts."— Architectural Record, Sep- 
tember 1965. 

1 and 2. Award-winning St. Francis 

. The way it used to be. 

!. New Western Addition Public 

I. Laguna O'Farrell (background) 
ind Laguna Heights apartments. 

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"(San Francisco's) most sweeping project is the Westernl 
Addition just west of the downtown business district, where 
a slum, eleven by four blocks, is being leveled and replaced 
by apartment houses, office buildings, a hospital, a medical 
building, garages, a Japanese Cultural and Trade Center and 
a Roman Catholic cathedral, and a 299-unit, successfully 
integrated cooperative."— Time, November 6, 1964. 

"What especially distinguishes these two projects (Westernj 
Addition and Golden Gateway) is the important role assigned 
to architecture as the means of providing an environment 
which recognizes both human values and urban relationships; 
at the same time that it does not ignore essential economic 
factors. Each project makes this point in a different way...'i 
—Architectural Record, September 1960. 

"San Francisco, through urban renewal, has demonstrated! 
how low-income, moderate-income and high-income housing 
can be provided in the core area of the central city."— Dr. 

Robert C. Weaver, former Secretary, U.S. Department of Hous- 
ing and Urban Development, The Washington Post, April 5, 

1 . The Sequoias-San Francisco 
retirement complex. 

2. Carillon apartments. 

3. Phoebe A. Hearst Preschool 
Learning Center. 



1 1 

1. First Unitarian Church addition. 

2. St. Mary's Cathedral, model. 


"From a fountain of fire cen- 
tered in a vast reflection pool 
to a simulated forest of feathery 
bamboo plantings, the pavilion 
is an architectural delight. 
Shops, garden areas, tearooms 
and displays open onto a maze 
of squares and walkways pro- 
tected from the elements by an 
overall roof and from street 
noise by a deceptively austere 
wall which fronts onto Buchan- 
an St. Parking for 800 cars is 
accommodated underground. 

"Adjacent to the pavilion is the 
Miyako Hotel, richly furnished 
with low-slung Japanese furni- 
ture and managed in traditional 
Japanese style with a kimono- 
clad doorman and bowing, 
smiling bellboys wearing hap- 
pi-coats. An overnight stay 
here can be a real Oriental ad- 
venture, especially if you re- 
quest one of the typical ryokan 
rooms carpeted with rush mats 
and with the bed placed directly j 
on the floor... 

"San Francisco's Chinatown 
still has its charms, but the 
Japanese Culture and Trade 
Center's reflection ponds, rock 
gardens and interweaving of 
texture and architectural 
planes produce a tranquil 
world where the usually hectic 
activities of sightseeing and 
shopping may be accom- 
plished with little effort, plus 
the exotic sense of being in an 
Oriental land. 

"Don't miss it when you visit 
San Francisco."— Choral Pep- 
per, Los Angeles Times, June 
22, 1969. 

1 and 2. Yoshiro Taniguchi's Peace 

"Japantown, on Post and Buchanan Sts. in San Francisco, 
is the Nisei answer to San Francisco's famous Chinatown. 

"This burgeoning 1-square-mile Ginza is part of an urban 
renewal project to redevelop an antiquated district . . . Opened 
recently, San Francisco's Little Japan consists of a thick 
concentration of import shops featuring groceries, hardware, 
electronic wizardry, restaurants, jewelry shops, art galleries, 
flower-arrangement displays, dress shops, Japanese busi- 
ness and financial houses and gifts — all woven among post- 
age-stamp gardens, stepping stones and earthenware pools 
under a covered pavilion called the Japanese Cultural and 
Trade Center. 

"In spite of its impressive architecture and exotic landscap- 
ing, it remains a tourist sleeper — possibly because it was 
created by Japanese-Americans to enjoy for themselves and 
not purely as a tourist gimmick. This is the first time in its 
long history that San Francisco's 10,000 Japanese popula- 
tion has had a sector catering exclusively to its own cultural 
refinements."— Choral Pepper. Los Angeles Times. June 22. 

1. Miyako Hotel. 

2. Inside the Bridge of Shops. 

3. Annual Cherry Blossom Festival. 



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Western Addition A-2 

"This redevelopment is adjacent to the Western 
Addition Area I, where there are high-rent units 
and the racially integrated moderate-income St. 
Francis (Square) Redevelopment. 

"The proposed new urban renewal project in the 
neighborhood is much larger and more significant 
than the first..." 

"Here is an example of what can be done to mini- 
mize dislocation, provide a stable pattern of bi- 
racial living, and achieve a degree of economic 
diversification under urban renewal. In this respect 
it is similar to the West Side Urban Renewal of 
New York City. These two proposed redevelop- 
ments represent a prototype of the potential of 
urban renewal to make a positive contribution 
toward the establishment of democratic housing 
patterns. They present a challenge to the program 
and to the cities of the Nation."— Dr. Robert C. 
Weaver, former Secretary, U.S. Housing and Urban 
Development Department, The Urban Complex: 
Human Values in Urban Life, Doubleday, 1964. 

1 and 2. Rehabilitated Victorians 
along Bush Street. 

3. Blight, before renewal. 


4 I ft5 ' 

1 and 2. Ridley Square, the first 

3. The way it has been. 


1. Western Addition Community 
Tree, and Martin Luther King Square. 

2 and 3. Martin Luther King Square. 

"Martin Luther King Square, the new complex of town house 
units in the Western Addition area of San Francisco, is a 
fitting tribute to a man whose name has become symbolic 
of brotherhood. It is also a stunning display of what is being 
accomplished across the Nation when neighborhood organ- 
izations, private enterprise and private philanthropy and local 
and Federal Governments all set out cooperatively to bring 
a better life to the disadvantaged. 

"Rentals in this handsome complex will be geared to income 
and will range from $33 to $122.50 for a single bedroom 
unit to $52 to $187.50 for four bedrooms. Priority tenancy 
will be given families displaced by redevelopment; for those 
who gain admission to Martin Luther King Square, a new 
and higher standard of living will be instantly attained. 

"The 110 units of King Square are only the first of nearly a 
score of such developments planned by the San Francisco 
Redevelopment Agency and its associated sponsors. All rep- 
resent realistic solutions to a problem plaguing all American 
cities."— San Francisco Chronicle Sunday Punch, August 23, 



1. Martin Luther King Square. 

2. Westside Public Health Center. 

v -- ." 


1 . The Nihonmachi (Japan Town) of 
shops and residences to come. 

2. Banneker Homes, more low-to- 
moderate-priced housing. 


"By utilizing all of the tools now available 
to urban renewal, the local public agency 
expects to provide, under redevelopment, 
some 4500 dwelling units for families, and 
accommodations for 1450 single persons... 
"The new community, like St. Francis Re- 
development, will be a stable racially in- 
tegrated neighborhood... But it will have 
an additional feature; it will be composed 
of low- as well as moderate-income occu- 
pants, and, perhaps, a few higher-income 
households and individuals. There will be 
an almost equal number of rehabilitated 
and newly constructed dwelling units in 
the redevelopment."— Dr Robert C Weaver, 
former Secretary, U.S. Housing and Urban 
Development Department, The Urban Com- 
dex: Human Values in Urban Life, Double- 
day, 1964 

1. First scattered public housing 
scheduled for the area. 

2. Future Fillmore Community 
Development Association housing. 

3. Friendship Institutional Baptist 
Church development. 



Yerba Buena Center 

1 . Three-block convention, 
business and sports center 
to be. 

"The status quo in the Yerba Buena 
Center area lying between Market and 
Harrison and between Second and 
Fifth streets, is nothing that stirs one's 
interest to preserve. Here among 3800 
inhabitants are found the prevalent 
diseases of blighted and slum areas- 
alcoholism, tuberculosis, venereal dis- 
ease. Here also are found the highest 
hazards from hotel fires that the city 
has to cope with (averaging nearly 50 
a year). Here jobs and productive activ- 
ity are declining and the burdens of the 
social welfare agencies are increasing. 
By going ahead with its plans for trans- 
formation—to which the Federal Gov- 
ernment is committed to contribute 


around S31 million — the Redevelop- 
ment Agency expects to change dra- 
matically 'the character and public 
image of one of the city's most blighted 
areas.'"— San Francisco Chronicle, 
January 18. 1966. 

"Ice hockey and basketball fans should 
find their kicks conveniently close by 
1972 or soon thereafter. Yerba Buena 
Center's new sports arena will be so 
near the Powell Street BART station 
you'll be able to reach it through an 
underground passage. Drivers will put 
their vehicles in the adjacent 2000-car 

"If you're a shopkeeper, restaurateur 
or taxi operator — or any of the occupa- 
tions that prosper from tourism — look 
for a spurt in business from 1972 on 
as the town's 7000 new hotel rooms 
King in bigger conventions and as 
Yerba Buena Center's convention 
complex gets into operation."— Gerald 
Adams, California Living, May 11, 1969. 

'The San Francisco Redevelopment 
Agency today took the wraps off its 
old and dramatic design for trans- 
orming three skid row blocks into one 
)f the most dynamic urban centers of 

'Besides unveiling a scale model of 
what is to become the core of the six- 
ilock Yerba Buena Center South of 
Market, the agency invited developers 
o come forward with proposals for 
Duiiding it — the faster the better... 

'That job requires the construction in 
i few years of a 14,000-seat sports 
arena, 350,000 square-feet convention 
iall, 800 room hotel, half a dozen office 
lowers, 2200 seat theater, airlines ter- 
ninal, cultural center, shops, restau- 
ants. garages for 4000 cars, pedes- 
Irian malls and landscaped plazas. 

'All this will go up (and under) the 
Ihree huge blocks bounded by Third, 
: ourth, Market and Folsom Streets. 

'As designed by a team headed by 
lamed Japanese architect Kenzo 
Tange, the three block development 
will be all the way a three-level affair." 

— Donald Canter, San Francisco Exam- 
iner, June 5, 1969. 

1. Sports Arena, model. 

2. Hotel (background), overhead 
garages and great ramp towers. 

3. The South of Market scene today. 

twWorf ! 




"Urban renewal, San Francisco-style, is differ- 

"Just like everything else about possibly 
America's most beloved city, urban renewal 
is practiced here with a sensitivity and a flair 
that make the efforts of most other cities 
appear lumbering and pedestrian... 

"Everywhere (you) could see evidence of the 
careful planning that goes into renewal plan- 
ning here. It could be seen in the insistence 
on not just good but great architectural de- 
sign, in the attention given to aesthetics and 
amenities for 'the good life,' and on the con- 
sideration given the sociological aspects of 

"Another aspect of urban renewal in San Fran- 
cisco that differs from other cities is the extent 
to which the public is allowed and encouraged 
to participate in the planning of the projects 
and the decision-making that follows. 
"No renewal project is launched or even pro- 
posed here without extensive public discus- 
sion, formal and otherwise. There are more 
public hearings than most cities have, and 
most are well attended."— The Louisville Cou- 
rier-Journal & Times, March 5, 1967. 

And developments just outside of 
the three central blocks of Yerba 
Buena Center: 

1. United California Bank 
rehabilitation, from old warehouse 
to operations center. 

2. Taylor-Woodrow Property Company 
Limited office building and garage. 

1. Proposed Del Monte Corporation 
international headquarters. 

2. Housing for the elderly, on 
Clementina Street. 

3. But a blighted area today. 

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1 . The new Hunters Point to be, 
overlooking proposed India Basin 
Industrial Park. 

2 and 3. Bayview-Hunters Point 
Community Development Corporation 
housing to come. 


Hunters Point 

"The San Francisco Redevelopment Agency and resi- 
dents of the city's Hunters Point and Butchertown 
(since renamed India Basin Industrial Park) areas have 
shown that citizen participation in renewal planning 
can work... 

"After three years of concentrated cooperative effort 
on the part of (a) area citizens, (b) the Redevelop- 
ment Agency, and (c) a jointly selected consulting 
firm, plans for renewal of Hunters Point and Butcher- 
town have been given both local and federal govern- 
ment approval. 

"The plans, which call for coordinated development 
of a new residential community in Hunters Point and 
a new India Basin Industrial Park that will provide em- 
ployment opportunities for Hunters Point and other 
nearby residents, will cost some 65.5 million dollars 
to execute..."— Journal of Housing, May 1969. 

1. Hunters Point housing. 1969. 

2. Ridge Point Methodist Church 
housing of tomorrow. 

3. Bayview-Hunters Point Credit 
Union housing to come. 


"The commander of the great naval shipyard in San Fran- 
cisco inspected the temporary wartime housing on Hunters 
Point in 1948 and declared that the 2,300 units occupied 
by the yard's workers had become 'almost unlivable.' 

"Fortunately, he added, they would all be vacated by mid- 

"A generation later, there is finally hope that Hunters Point 
may be transformed from San Francisco's dreariest ghetto 
to a livable neighborhood, serving not only the 800 families 
who inhabit the temporary wartime housing but another 1,200 
as well... 

"Next to the shipyard are a few blocks of uninspiring build- 
ings, including drab permanent housing units, a badly de- 
signed school, and the recreation center. On the ridges 
closer to the freeway, it is an almost treeless waste, scarred 
by rows of wooden barracks-like structures. 

"Close at hand, the buildings look still worse. They are two 
stories high; battleship gray, pale green, beige, or some 
other washed-out pastel in color; and each serves as home 
for eight families. The area is always ripe for unrest, and 
racial outbreaks have been frequent."— Michael Harris, CITY 
Magazine, November 1967. 

1. Still more low-to-moderate- 
priced housing — Bayview-Hunters 
Point Credit Union units. 

2 and 3. Planned Double Rock Baptist 
Church units. 



1. and 2. Also for and by the 
community— All Hallows Roman 
Catholic Church units. 

"Plans for the 134-acre project area call for clearance of 
about 71 percent of the 263 buildings there for the develop- 
ment of a medium density residential community of single- 
family homes and multi-unit apartment buildings. A large 
portion of new Hunters Point housing will be built by com- 
munity-based non-profit groups especially for low- to mod- 
erate-income tenants... 

"In addition to the new housing, the Hunters Point com- 
munity will have a new commercial center and new schools, 
churches, and child care centers. New recreation facilities, 
now seriously lacking in Hunters Point, will include a neigh- 
borhood activities building, two large parks, a large play- 
field, tot lots, and pedestrian pathways." —Journal of Housing, 
May 1969. 



f A/ ^\^ s 

India Basin Industrial Park 
(Formerly Butchertown) 

"According to the 1965 survey sponsored by the Greats 
San Francisco Chamber of Commerce, Butchertown offer 
a potentially excellent site for new industrial developmer 
in San Francisco. Its present state, however, is little bette 
than an industrial slum. Many of the city's meat-packin 
companies are housed in dilapidated, obsolete Butchertow 
structures. Other businesses, including auto wrecking oper; 
tions, which clutter the landscape and yet offer few job: 
are also located in Butchertown..." — Journal of Housint* 
May 1969. 

1. Butchertown today. 

2. Planned India Basin Industrial Park. 

3. Possible future plant for James 
Allan & Son, artist's rendering. 


For redevelopment purposes, India Basin Industrial Park 
as been divided into two districts. District I, located in the 
outhern portion of the project area, where Butchertown 
leets Hunters Point, is slated for light industrial use. Much 
f the renewal there will be accomplished through rehabili- 
ition. District II, located in the northern part of Butcher- 
>wn, will undergo major clearance to free large sites for 
eavier, high-employment industry. Officials hope that the 
umber of jobs in Butchertown, currently about 1400, will 
lore than double and perhaps triple through redevelop- 
lent . . . 

Renewal will give India Basin Industrial Park a new street 
ystem to accommodate industrial traffic and to relate the 
rea to the surrounding streets. A proposed freeway will run 
long the northern boundary of the project area. About 4.5 
cres of the project will be used for such retail and business 
ervices as restaurants, branch banking, and professional 
ffices..."— Journal of Housing, May 1969. 

1. Butchertown now. 


Chinese Cultural And Trade Center 

"The Chinese Cultural and Trade Cen- 
ter, which will bridge Chinatown and 
the Financial District and hopes to 
bridge East and West, officially got 
under way yesterday... 

"The $14 million complex will be 27 
stories tall, contain a 572-room hotel 
operated by Holiday Inns of America, 
and a 460-car garage. 
"The huge third floor, however, will 
contain the Chinese Cultural and Trade 
Center. And it will be linked to Ports- 
mouth Square and Chinatown by a 28- 
foot-wide pedestrian bridge spanning 
Kearny Street. 

"The 20,000 square feet of space will 
be leased to the non-profit Chinese 
Culture Foundation for $1 per year by 
the private developers, Justice Inves- 
tors, although the developer will con- 
tribute the entire $650,000 cost of the 
cultural center's construction. 
"This unusual financial arrangement 
was arranged on behalf of the city by 
the Redevelopment Agency, which was 
asked by the Board of Supervisors to 
find a developer that could deliver on 
the many promises of a center city 
fathers had been making to the Chi- 
nese community for years. 

"Yesterday showed just how well the 
agency delivered." — Ron Moskowitz, 
San Francisco Chronicle, August 21, 

1. Chinese Cultural and Trade Center, 

2. Making the site ready for renewal. 


Oiti# Anrl C^rwirrHi C\i Qan Pi 


hinese Cultural And Trade 


City And County Of San Francisco 

Joseph L. Alioto, Mayor 

Board of Supervisors 

John A. Ertola, President 

William C. Blake 

Roger Boas 

Terry A. Francois 

Robert E. Gonzales 

James Mailliard 

Robert H. Mendelsohn 

Jack Morrison 

Ronald Pelosi 

Peter Tamaras 

Dorothy von Beroldingen 

San Francisco 
Redevelopment Agency 

Post Office Box No. 646 

Redevelopment in San Francisco 




fesign. Ken Ruttner 

Typography: Spartan Typographers 

Jthography: California Printing Co. 

October 1969 

31 Marys Cathedral: Yerba Buena Center Central 
3locks. and Embarcadero Center Fountain Model 
Photos-Gerald Ratto 

Portraits: Model photos of Chinese Cultural & 
Trade Center, Hunters Point & India Basin In- 
dustrial Park-Ronald Hammers 
Photos of Icosaspirale. Whaleship Plaza. Moore 
Sculpture-Dickey & Harleen 
Photo of Taylor-Wood row Model-Dwain Faubion 
All others-Winston Sin 

The preparation of this report was financed 
in part through Federal advances, (oans. 
and grants from the Deoartment of Housing 
and Urban Development under the provi- 
sions of Title 1 of the Housing Act of 1949, 
as amended. 


HB* ' 

Sim Francisco Ret 

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San Francisco Redevelopment 1971-1973 



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Mayor [oseph L Alioto 

Only .i few weeks before his unexpected 

death, M. Justin Herman, the executive 
director of the San Francisco Redevelopment 
Agency, set down his feelings about urban 

renewal, its past, its present and its future. 
His statement which follows, never before 
published and unchanged except tor up- 
dating, forms the basis for this public report 
of the activities of the San Francisco Redevel- 
opment Agency. It is as valid now as it was 
when he wrote it. 

My friend lustin Herman was a talented 
man driven by a deep devotion to San 
Francisco. He was a doer of the word He 
transformed slums into permanent things 
of urban beauty. In few men have the artist 
and public servant combined with such 
dynamic force as they did in Justin. 
His tame is cast in durable urban quahtv 
that arose where squalor once held swav 
[ustin's greatest tribute is mirrored in his 

loscph L Alioto 
Mayor of San Francisco 
May 1. 1973 

Vaillaneourt Fountain, 
lustin Herman l'laza 
Golden Gateway 

M In-tin Hcrm.) 

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Periodic assessment by the general public of 
any city program is desirable. Redevelop- 
ment in San Francisco with its main faceted 
and complex operations is no exception, 
particularly since the individual citizen 
usually has exposure to only one or two oi 
its operations. Opportunity to obtain a broad 
overview thus becomes essential for him. 
Likewise the big— highly publicized — 
redevelopment issues of the day as the} 
come and go deny perspective to the process. 
The project slowdowns anil stoppages over 
lawsuits and inadequate Federal funding, 
the perils of the auto dismantles relocation, 
the protest of one neighborhood group 
against the carrying out of the approved 
redevelopment plan for a nearby project, the 
storming of Agency meetings by neighbor- 
hood groups over their own disagreements, 
etc., obscure redevelopment's progress and 
provide the usual distortions which negative- 
incidents have over positive accomplish- 
ments. The latter includes the steady place- 
ment of residents in good housing, the 
commencement of construction, the dedi- 
cation and uses of new structures, and the 
provision of jobs and contracts for minor- 
ities Periodic assessment in some balanced 
fashion is needed if any real perspective 
is to be reached. 

Where has redevelopment been? Where is it 
going' Where should it be going' Is it a 
method for the reconstitution of urban life 
that has served its purpose and should be 
allowed to phase itself out of existence? Or 
does it have even greater meaning and use- 
fulness in the changes and development of 
"the managed city"? 

It is to renewal's past and current performance 
and future policies that this report addresses 

Fountain of the Four Sumhi^ 
by Francois stahlv 

Svdncv C. Walton Square 

Golden Gateway 

Friendship Village 
Western Addition A-2 




I \ 




In the redevelopment of a city, planning is 
rarely undertaken except with the intention 
and result of putting such plans to work. 
The plans of eight San Francisco redevelop- 
ment areas are all in the construction or in 
use stage. An additional project— in China 
town — has just been funded 
Housing for people of a wide range of in- 
comes has long been the goal in renewal 
areas— housing for elderly singles and 
couples of modest income. Housing for 
families of low-to-moderate income Housing 
for moderate income families. Housing for 
families who can afford market rate housing. 
Rehabilitated housing for all incomes. 
Critics proclaim that more housing has been 
torn down than is being built. The simple 
fact remains that in a built-up city the worn- 
out housing must first be removed to make- 
way for the new. Moreover, with the increase 
in renewal accommodations for almost 
20,000 more residents than were originally 
housed, such criticism cannot be taken 

lackie Rnhinson 

Garden Apartments 

Hunters Point 

Loren Miller Homes 
Western Addition A 2 

I'rincc Hall Apartments 
Western Addition A-2 

The Redevelopment Agency, producing 45 
percent of its new housing for people of low- 
to-moderate incomes, intends to pursue its 
comprehensive housing program which 
attends to the needs of other income groups 
as well. 

This will mean continued resistance to 
those who throw legal obstacles in the way 
of redevelopment progress, as in the case of 
the opponents of Western Addition Area 2 
and Yerba Buena Center developments. It 
will not take the public much longer to 
observe that such "class action" law suits 
have mostly slowed down the housing 
process and extended the time in which 
households of low-to-moderate income have 
been confined to substandard housing and 
denied good housing opportunities. 

Out of the redevelopment process has 
evolved the largest volume of new open 
space for enjoyment by citizens of San 
Francisco that has been created in this 
generation. All kinds of open space. For 
example, miniparks for children long de- 
prived of such spaces to remove the curse 
of areas in transition. Sitting and strolling 
areas. Plazas for public assemblages and 
events. Neighborhood gathering places. 
Playgrounds. Open spaces designed into 
private developments. Sheltered places for 
the elderly. These are some of the new open 
spaces. Other existing areas have been en- 
hanced. More is on the way. What process 
in San Francisco in our time other than 
redevelopment can show such additions to 
our open space? 

Martin Luther King Square 
Western Addition A-2 

Vista Del Monte 
Diamond Heights 

Community meeting room, 
Thomas Paine Square 
Western Addition A-2 

Japanese Cultural and Trade Center 
Western Addition A-I 


In the heated battles over so main issues— 
not involving redevelopment— faced by the 
Unified School District and the City and 
C ounty, development of schools in renewal 
areas bias been taken for granted Western 
Addition A-l alone accounts for four new, 
extended or rehabilitated schools A new 
elementary school is programmed for 
Western Addition A 2. The Diamond 
Heights Elementary School has long been in 
use and the new McAteer High School lias 
iiist been opened in the area I he South 
School in the Hunters Point Project is Hear- 
ing construction with another new school 
programmed anil a third to be rehabilitated 
Four child care centers are completed or 
under construction at Hunters Point 
Another was reccnth completed in Western 
Addition A-2. 

How would San Franciscans generally— not 

to mention neighborhood residents— do 
without the maior medical facilities pro- 
\ ided tor through the redevelopment 
process- The Kaiser Clinic, with its 500,000 
doctor-patient visits yearly. The expansions 
in the Mt. Zion complex. The Westside 
Public Health Center The planned new 
California College of Podiatric Medicine — 
all in the Western Addition. 

The earlier renewal projects have their shop- 
ping facilities already in use; the later 
projects have them under development. 
In some areas the shopping facilities such as 
those at Diamond Heights and the Golden 
Gateway Center are the key commercial 
attractions of their neighborhoods. Others 
serve both old and new renewal areas. 
Big shopping malls are on their way in 
Emharcadero Center and in the Fillmore 
Center Even specialty products appropriate 
to a neighborhood are reaching a special 

Friendship Village 
Western Addition A 2 


Some 13 churches, rehabilitated and new, 
are to be built or have been built in renewal 
areas. One of the most dramatic of these is, 
of course, the new St. Mary's Cathedral. 
But there are others as well, such as the 
Unitarian church rehabilitation and exten- 
sion. And the exotic, byzantine St. Nicholas 
Syrian Antiochian Orthodox Church in 
Diamond Heights. 

St. Nicholas Syrian Antiochian Orthodox Church, interior 
Diamond Heights 

St. Paulus Lutheran Church 

to be retained. 

Western Addition A-2 

St. Mary's Cathedral 
Western Addition A-l 

First Unitarian Church, extension 
Western Addition A-l 

St. Mary's Cathedral 
Western Addition A-l 















it* .-**y 


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Restorations, rehabilitations and preserva- 
tions of good bousing as well as building of 

commercial structures continue quietly 
with Redevelopment Agency assistance and 
with little fanfare. Eighteen per cent of the 
renewal housing to be delivered to San 
Franciscans will be obtained from improve 
ment of existing homes. Many of these are 
excellent examples of Victorian architecture 
which link us with the past, but have been 
saved only with extraordinary efforts. 

Award-winning Victorian restorations in Western 

Addition A-2 
18 It Sutter Street 

1866 Huchanjn Street 

910 Stciner Street 

Embarcadcro Center 

Powell Street Station, Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) 
Golden Gateway, above parkins and Clay Street traffic 

Transportation, traffic and parking problems 
are pragmatically solved. In some instances, 
the City beyond project boundaries is bene- 
fited by the improvement. Vehicles need to 
be provided with readily accessible parking 
facilities if central city congestion is to be 
avoided. The use of linkages to the Bay Area 
Rapid Transit System, as in the Yerba Buena 
Center Mezzanine or the new Embarcadero 
Center station, illustrate the accommodation 
of renewal areas to the BART system and 
the accessibility to other areas by people 
living or working in these renewal areas. 
There is much fanfare in American cities 
on the corrective use of streets by prohibition 
of motor vehicles. The redevelopment proc- 
ess, however, makes malls and plazas above 
or off vehicular courses full-fledged new 
developments rather than limited correc- 
tions. In Yerba Buena Center and the 
Embarcadero Center shopping malls, the 
problem of conflict between pedestrian and 
vehicles will be solved by each being given 
its own area. 

Widening of Geary Street, 
Western Addition A-l 


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Vaillancourt Fountain, lustin Herman Plaza 
Embarcadero Center 

Standing I igure Knife Edged In Henry Moore in 

foreground of Maritime Plaza uppei porl I Tv/o 

Columns with Wedge In Willi Gutmann against Securit) 
'■.ink Building in background 

Pacific Bird In 
nr Liptun 
Golden ( latcway 

Works (it .irt abound in redevelopment 
areas bv deliberate decision and not by 
accident. The range is sufficient to please 
(or to displease! > varying tastes From the 
now classical Hum Moore in the Golden 
Gateway Center to the contemporary Willi 
Gutmann in the Embarcadero Center or the 
praised/condemned new fountain by 
VaillancoLirtat the foot of Market Street 
Pro\ ision of works of art is .1 requirement of 
.ill major undertakings in redevelopment 
projects. The Redevelopment Agcncv todav 
is setting the pace for the Citj in regard to 
other public buildings. 

Much is written about the importance of 
urban design and various concepts or guides 

which ma\ be used to achieve good urban 
design The Redevelopment Agency con- 
cerns itself with applied urban design As 
distinguished from such lucky or ameliora- 
tive illustrations as may be accomplished 
by a building or two here and there, it has 
the only process of operations on a lai 
enough scale to make maior contributions 
in this Held There are main tine office 
buildings downtown but many or them 
neglect the sight lines to the Bay or do not 
provide compensatory open spaces tor enjoy- 
ment at pedestrian levels as do the buildings 
in redevelopment projects. 

Horse bv Marino Mjrim 
1 Gateway 

M jntimc Plarj 

Loren Miller Homes 
Western Addition A-2 

Prince H.ill Apartments undo 
in Addition 

Taxes are such .1 tender subject to San 
Francisco citizens and property owners 
occasional indulgence in fanciful beliefs as 
distinguished from facts is understandable. 

One view is redevelopment takes 
property off the tax rolls thereby increasing 
the taxes in non-redevelopment areas. 
Persons who hold this view forget that the 
Redevelopment Agency provides payments 
or credits in lieu oi taxes and that although 
there is a short period after the removal of 
buildings when taxes do decline, the net 
cash (low to the Cit) IiL.isur\ from redevel- 
opment areas is a substantial phis very 
quickly. Computed on the most conservative 
basis returns are already up by $4,300,000 
(67%) per year in the City Treasurer S Ottice 
and the figure is on its way to an increase 
of more than S22,6O0,OO0 (354%) per year, 
despite the heaw social-orientation of the 

Redevelopment Agency's program. 
Developments such as the Golden Gateway, 
Diamond Heights and Verba Buena Center, 
with the enormous increases the) alone 
provide in tax revenues ineffect support 
the subsidized bousing that redevelopment 
provides for low-to-moderate income fam- 
ilies m other areas ot the City particularly 
in the Western Addition and Hunters Point. 

Prince H.ill Apartments completed 



mm _ 


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Sell I 

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Chinese pedestrian bridge over Kearny Street to Chinese 
Cultural and Trade Center 

Chinese bridge, from opposite direction, to Portsmouth 
Square and Chinatown 

Several years ago there was much shallow 
talk to the effect that redevelopment is 
concerned only with physical improvements 
without regard to social needs. Such talk 
has substantially died out because it could 
not be supported by the results of the rede- 
velopment process, fobs and paychecks have 
been consistently regarded in redevelop- 
ment planning to be as important as physical 
structures. In fact, the kinds of physical 
structures programmed and delivered in the 
redevelopment process are intended to pro- 
vide these employments and earnings. In so 
many cases these efforts have been tied to 
compensatory jobs programs such as that of 
the Hobday Inn of the Chinese Cultural and 
Trade Center. Because people cannot live by 
housing alone, the Hunters Point residential 
development is to be supplemented by the 
neighboring India Basin Industrial Park. 
Years before there were so-called Philadelphia 
or San Francisco minority employment plans 
the Redevelopment Agency was setting up 
its own system in residential neighborhoods 
looking to the employment of 50 per cent of 
the construction staff from residents of the 
neighborhood. Stretching its resources to the 
limit, the Redevelopment Agency has main- 
tained training programs such as that of the 
unarmed Security Guards. Within the 
Agency's own ranks of professional and 
administrative employees, approximately 
50 per cent are minorities. 
Citizen involvement is of special significance 
in governmental undertakings, and the first 
major example of how this might be success- 
fully accomplished appeared in the practical 
working partnership of the Bayview-Hunters 
Point Joint Housing Committee and the 
Agency. All subsequent projects which are 
residential in objective have working partner- 
ships of one kind or another. Although not 
always easy, there is believed to be increasing 
effectiveness as community leadership adds 
responsibility as well as guidance to its 
relationships with the Redevelopment 

Another view, from Portsmouth Square 

Ridgeview I 
Hunters Point 



The question may well be raised as to how 
such benefits to the City and its citizens 
could have been or could be derived except 
through the redevelopment process. 
Would desolate Diamond Heights be a new 
residential community? 
Would the First Western Addition be serving 
as the core of the renewed larger Western 

How would the San Francisco Produce 
Market be established on a sound economic 
and healthful basis? 
Would the downtown core have been 
anchored by the residential complex of the 
Golden Gateway Center and its companion 
commercial job resource, the Embarcadero 
Center, without redevelopment? 
Who other than redevelopment led the 
way in demanding that Hunters Point be 
turned into an attractive residential com- 

To whom did the business community turn 
in providing jobs as a companion resource 
in India Basin? 

Would the City be on its way to solving its 
convention center problem in a superior 
fashion without the solitary advocacy in the 
early days by the Redevelopment Agency 
against a city-wide apathy? 
Would provision have been made for an 
increase of residents in this built-up City 
without redevelopment? And would there 
be any other instrument for providing hous- 
ing for people of low-to-moderate income as 
effectively as redevelopment? 
The Redevelopment Agency is content to 
abide by the intelligent citizen evaluations 
of such questions. 

Western Park Apartments 
Western Addition A-l 

Ill Rl DEVI L< IPM1 '. 


But redevelopment is so much a part of the 
urban life that it is caught up in the fears 
and frustrations, the aspirations and ambi- 
tions, the prejudices and priorities inh< n nt 
in urban living. These are not only local 
manifestations but appear in most urban 
areas of the countr) 

lust as there are similarities of problems in 
urban areas throughout the country, there 
are, because of the dependence on Federal 
policies, programs and appropriations, sim- 
ilar benefits oi even the evolution of new 

For example, the criticism that urban 
renewal does not provide enough bousing 
tor people ot low -to -moderate income is not 
meaningful unless it is recognized that the 
renewal program was 1 1 years old before 
there were laws and appropriations to pro- 
vide the necessary subsidies tor such hous 
ing. Even with these, the current delivery 
system, erratically dependent upon Congres- 
sional and HUD actions each year tor financ- 
ing housing for low-to-moderate income 
persons is clearly inadequate. Housing, being 
a large user of capital, cannot he produced 
without regard to the national fiscal policies. 
But until housing production is made a more 
weighted goal, we will continue to have 
trouble with housing deficiencies in our 
cities— redevelopment or not. 
Planning is a critical process in any urban 
development. Notwithstanding such import 
ance, there is a strong tendency to postpone 
essential actions by the substitution of plan- 
ning processes that have no clear commit- 
ment to action. Planning thus is relatively 
inexpensive and placates those who are con 
cemed that something really ought to he- 
done In distinction, however, redevelop 
ment, which is highly dependent upon plan- 
ning, never enters that process w ithout the 
expectation of turning that planning into the 
realization of its goals. Thus, when the com- 
munity begins to realize that planning alone 
will not solve the problems of such areas .is 
the Northern Waterfront, the Mission Dis- 
trict, the Central City and others, it may 
decide that the planning inherent in the 
redevelopment process is w hat is really 

Golden Gate Child i are Center, Thomas Paine Square 
Western Addition 

A myopic view ot the uses of redevelopment 

is that it should he used tor little else than 
pun ision ot housing foi persons ol lo. 
moderate income It one were to accept the 
idea that the pro\ ision ot housing In eco 
nomic land social) categories is good public 
policy tor most households, then this (unc- 
tion ought to he assigned to the Housing 
Authority. It, however, one adheres to a larger 
view that housing is onl) one component in 
the qualm ot the good urban lite and that 
other critical components are job resources 
educational and cultural facilities, recreation 
opportunities, health care, etc., etc , it would 
be .1 short-changing of the citizenry to eon 
tine redevelopment to the limited objective 
of housing. 

There has already been reference to the 

importance ot citizen involvement by neigh- 
borhoods m governmental processes One 
can appreciate the benefits without going 
overboard. We cannot long live with neigh- 
borhood self-determination that disregards 
either the professional or technical contribu- 
tions ot specialists in government or the 
needs of the total eitv No city can long exist 
if its neighborhoods are in effect so inde- 
pendent that they thumb their noses at all 
other neighborhoods ot the city and their 

Finally, our country is in such a difficult 
transitional stage on funding urban renewal 
improvements or even funding ongoing 
urban sen ice programs that it is difficult to 
foresee the exact form in which a more 
rational treatment with assured resources 
can take place. The present redevelopment 
projects live from hand to mouth. A dispute 
runs on as to whether they should be funded 
by special revenue sharing or categorical 
grants, or subject to more or less Federal con- 
trol What makes these arguments more 
difficult ot resolution is the tact that bvand 
large in recent years we have been dealing 
with more restricted funding than in the 
past federal versus local control must 
become an issue secondary to the question 
of how much federal funding. At time of 
this publication the answer to such questions 
is not available. 


One feature is clear in urban life: Cities are 
beginning to take a stronger grip on the 
direction of their development. Cities are 
also beginning to have a better understanding 
of the relationships and integration of various 
programs and their funding. The laissez-faire 
period of city life is declining and should 
decline. The management of the basic direc- 
tions of city life is increasingly recognized 
as an essential step in city management. 
This does not forego the benefits of individ- 
ual enterprise, initiative and ingenuity On 
a public foundation, with positive commit- 
ments to the encouragement of private 
actions, city life can become increasingly 

In the redevelopment process there is not 
only a plan. There is also a program to en- 
courage entrepreneurs to try their skills and 
risk their capital. Redevelopment does not 
wait until someone wants to do something; 
it gets out and finds that someone and helps 
him accomplish what ought to be done. 
Thus, redevelopment is a tool of urban man- 
agement and a sophisticated city will use it. 

Exhibit Hall Model 
Yerha Buena Center 

Clementina Towers 
Yerha Buena Center 

Blighted Butchertown 
area will be new India Basin 
Industrial Park 

l m--' 

(Above I 

Banneket Homes 
Western Addition A-2 

(Below l 

Martin Luthei King Square 

Western Addition A-2 

i Above > 

Friendship Village 
Western Addition A-2 


Thomas Paine Square 

Western Addition A-2 




At the national level, then.- is recognition of 
the ineffectiveness and inefficiency of 1 1 ) 
the separate administration <>t related cate- 
gorical programs, (2) the vast amount of red 
tape currently required in financing urban 
improvements, ami (3) attempts to develop 
local goals and policies at the Federal level. 
Two examples illustrate this national recog 
ration. First is the recent reorganization of 
the Department of Housing and Urhan 
Development to place urhan renewal, model 
cities, water and sewer grants, rehabilitation 
loans, neighborhood facilities, open space, 
and public facility loans under the 
direction of one administrator dealing with 
community development. The second 
example is the proposed legislation for com- 
munity development as identified in the 
President's budget submitted to Congress on 
lanuarv 29, 1971, which would consolidate 
the financing of comprehensive community 
development programs to cover the above 

San Francisco needs a pohev which addresses 
itself to a comprehensive and balanced pro- 
gram for community' development on a city- 
wide basis. It is important that the City is 
now organizing itself to coordinate the 
various elements of a community develop- 
ment program. 

The San Francisco Redevelopment Agency 
stands ready and able to play an important 
role in that program. 

Golden Gateway 


Marcus Garvey Square 

Western Addition A-2 


Diamond View Apartments 

Diamond Heights 


May 1,1973 




Total Dwelling 

New Construction 








"Financed under one of the following, Federal housing assistance programs: 
Section 202, Section 221(d)(3), Section 236, Section 312, Federal Rent Supplements, or Public Housing 
'""Financed without assistance through the Federal Housing Administration or conventional lending insti- 




Single-family Homes 


Village Square 

Cape Diamond Apartments 

Red Rock Hill 

The Sequoias 

Cathedral Hill South 

Cathedral Hill East 

Cathedral Hill West 

Martin Luther Tower 

Laguna O'Farrell Apartments 

The Carillon 

Laguna Heights 

Golden Gateway Townhouses 

Wm. Heath Davis House 

Macondray House 

Buckelew House 

Richard Henry Dana House 

Single-family units 













































Rene wul 


Thomas Paine Square 

Loren Miller Homes 

Marcus Garvey Square 

Prince Hall Apartments 

Friendship Village I 

Friendship Village II 

Martin Luther King Square 

Banneker Homes 

lackie Robinson Garden Apartments 

Ridgeview Terrace 

Diamond View Apartments 

Vista Del Monte 

Glen ridge 

Clementina Towers 

Western Park Apartments 

Midtown Park 

[ones Memorial Homes 

St. Francis Square 




















Royal Adah Arms 

Frederick Douglas Haynes Gardens 

El Bethel Arms 

[ones Memorial Homes 

Unity Peace and Freedom Terrace 

Salvation Armv Apartments 

Freedom West I 









Diamond Heights Village 
Single-family Homes 
Alpha Homes 
BRB Homes 

Yatsu Nami Apartments 
Single Family Units 
Sakura Apartments 
Golden Gateway, Phase II-A 























2 7 6 







1 55 








i \bove) 

Hayraan Homo 
Diamond Heights 


lackie Robinson Garden Apartments 

Hunters Point 



! I 


From the Members (it 

the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency 

A tew tacts illustrate the importance of m San Francisco: 

»S192 million in federal renewal grants have 

been made to San Francisco Another $70 
million is needed to complete the existing 
x San Francisco's redevelopment program 
includes construction of 14.000 new 
homes and the inspection, and where 
nccessarv, the rehabilitation of 2800 more 
w At the beginning of 19 7 3. nearly 6,000 new 

housing units had been completed 
x Last year, housing construction reached 
the highest level in the Agencw s historv: 
1 ,600 new units were under construction 
at the year's end Based on preliminary 
information, it appears that halt ot all of 
the 19^2 housing starts in the City were in 
redevelopment areas 
x Local propertv taxes generated in renewal 
areas reached S10.6 million in the City in 
fiscal 1972-73. Prior to redevelopment, the 
figure was S6.3 million, when adjusted to 
the current tax rate. And when completed, 
the eight redevelopment areas will produce 
S28.9 million annually in property tax 
x S2^6 million in privately-financed con- 
struction has been completed in our 
renewal areas. Another S 120 million in 
private construction is underway. Still 
another S800 million is scheduled. And 
further, millions more have been spent or 
are scheduled for public works, such as 
parks and schools. 
Like any other city, San Francisco must 
respond to changing and extremely varied 
needs. In the past, its renewal program has 
proven an effective way to match the Cit\ s 
resources to these needs. In the future, it 
should prove even more effective. 

Mrs Elouise Westbrook, chairman or the Bayview 
Hunters Point Joint Housing Committc< u redevelopment 
meeting in Hunters Point 

From right— Chairman Walter F Kaplan Vice chairman 
Francis I Solvin, loc \loslc\ Stanlcv E 

Redevelopmc Members at Hunters Point Open 

House From Lett— lames A Silva, )oe Mosley, Walter F 

Robert L Rumsey, Executive Director 
San Francisco Redevelopment Agcnc) 


Cover Photo: Gene Wright 
Community Meeting Room 

Thomas Paine Square, Page 10 
Golden Gate Child Care Center Photo, Page 13— 

Karl H. Riek 
St. Paulus Lutheran Church, Page 14— Bob Hollingsworth 
St. Mary's Cathedral Photo, Page 15— Morley Baer 
Loren Miller Homes Photos, Page 8— Robert A. Isaacs 
Yerba Buena Center Model, Page 4 
Western Park Apartments Photo, Page 26— 

Jeremiah O. Bragstad 

All Other Photos— Joshua Freiwald 

San Francisco Redevelopment Agency 

P. O. Box 646 

San Francisco, California 94101 

The preparation of this report was financed in part 
through Federal advances, loans and grants from the 
Department of Housing and Urban Development under 
the provisions of Title I of the Housing Act of 1949, 
as amended